Dr. Mousa worked as an assistant doctor in a military hospital in Homs, from April 2011 until the end of 2012. He also served in a miliary hospital in the country’s capital, Damascus, according German officials.
In the charges laid out by prosecutors, Dr. Mousa was accused a litany of crimes against detainees.
In the summer of 2011, he allegedly doused the testicles of a 14- or 15-year-old boy with alcohol before lighting him on fire in the emergency room at the military hospital, according to the charges. He is also alleged to have kicked and punched other prisoners in the head, torso and groin, and in one case carried out an operation without sufficient anesthetic.
When one detainee defended himself against his kicks in the hospital in Homs, the doctor beat him with a nightstick and then, after tying him to the floor, injected him with a substance, prosecutors say. The man died minutes later, they say.
A date for the trial has not been set.
After fleeing Syria in the middle 2015, Dr. Mousa started working at a hospital near the city of Kassel in central Germany, where he was recognized by other Syrians who alerted the authorities. He was arrested in June 2020.
While many Germans have welcome refugees, the influx also gave rise to the populist Alternative für Deutschland, which campaigned on an anti-refugee platform and is now the largest opposition party in Parliament. Many Germans, especially on the right, have accused the government of allowing in too many people without properly vetting them.
The refugee authority came under special scrutiny after a German military officer with right-wing sympathies was able to establish a second identity as a Syrian refugee without speaking any Arabic.
It remains unknown how much of his history Dr. Mousa divulged when he entered the country.
Mr. Phillips, the lawyer with the Syrian Justice and Accountability Center, said the indictment sent an important signal to those accused of abuses still in Syria.